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GO3 April 25 in military history:|
0 - ANZAC Day - Commemorating the Gallipoli Landings
1607 - Battle of Gibraltar Bay: the Dutch fleet defeats the Spanish & Portuguese
1862 - Farragut occupies New Orleans, La
1898 - US declares war on Spain
1914 - First USN air combat mission: Lt. Patrick Bellinger conducts a reconnaissance mission over Veracruz, receiving some damage from machine gun fire.
1915 - Gallipoli Campaign: 78,000 British & ANZAC troops undertake an amphibious landing
1942 - Doolittle Mission: CVs Hornet & Enterprise return to Pearl Harbor
1945 - Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
1945 - The Red Army completely surrounds Berlin
1945 - US & Soviet forces meet at Torgau on the Elbe River. The first contact between American and Soviet patrols occurred near Strehla, after First Lieutenant Albert Kotzebue, an American soldier, crossed the River Elbe in a boat with three men of an intelligence and reconnaissance platoon. On the east bank they met forward elements of a Soviet Guards rifle regiment of the First Ukrainian Front, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Gardiev. The same day, another patrol under Second Lieutenant William Robertson with Frank Huff, James McDonnell and Paul Staub met a Soviet patrol commanded by Lieutenant Alexander Silvashko on the destroyed Elbe bridge of Torgau. On April 26, the commanders of the 69th Infantry Division of the First Army and the Soviet 58th Guards Rifle Division of the 5th Guards Army met at Torgau. Photo: Russian and US First Army soldiers, carrying their respective flags, advance together following their historic link-up at the Elbe River, east of Torgau, Germany.
1951 - Korean War: After an heroic four day defense of Hill 235, 39 survivors of the Gloucestershire Regiment reach safety
1982 - Israel completes Sinai withdrawal, in accordance with Camp David accords
Yesterday at 23:16 EST .
GO3 April 23 in military history:|
0 - Feast of St. George, Patron of England and of mounted warriors.
1154 - Damascus surrenders to Sultan Nur ad-Din of Aleppo.
1861 - Robert E Lee named major general and commander of Virginia state forces
1861 - Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
1861 - Texas forces capture U.S. Army post at San Antonio
1918 - The Royal Navy & Royal Marines raid Zeebrugge, Belgium, which yields eight Victoria Crosses, but no real success
1945 - Allies in Italy reach the Po River
1945 - Balikpapan, Borneo: USN uses guided missiles for the first time, 2 BATS, 2 hits on Japanese shipping. A U.S. Navy PBY4Y-2 Privateer patrol bomber of VPB-109 employed “Bat” missiles against Japanese shipping off Balikpapan, Borneo in the effective first combat use of the only automatic homing missile to be used in World War II. The BAT was developed by the US Navy as a standoff anti-shipping weapon, with a secondary role of attacking coastal targets with good radar contrast, such as moored shipping, fuel storage tanks or warehouses. Photo: A VPB-109 PB4Y-2 Privateer (USN patrol version of a B-24 Liberator ) in flight with a Mark 9 BAT under each wing.
1980 - Soviet sub catches fire off Japan, 9 die
April 22 at 23:29 EST .
GO3 April 19 in military history:|
0 - Feast of St. Expeditus the Centurion, Martyr and Patron of Navigators
530 - Battle of Callenico: The Persians defeat the Byzantines
1775 - The Battles of Lexington & Concord -- The Shot Heard 'Round the World. The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. About 700 British Army regulars in Boston, under Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith, were given secret orders to capture and destroy rebel military supplies reportedly stored by the Massachusetts militia at Concord. Through effective intelligence gathering, Patriot colonials had received word weeks before the expedition that their supplies might be at risk and had moved most of them to other locations. Ultimately, the militias ended up outnumbering British regulars and inflicted more casualties than the colonials sustained. Colonial losses were 49 KIA and 39 WIA; British casualties were 73 KIA and 174 WIA. Painting: Colonial militias engage British regulars.
1783 - Congress orders hostilities with Britain at an end, eight years after The Shot Heard 'Round the World.
1909 - Canonization of Joan of Arc, patron of France, Soldiers, & Women in Military Service
1941 - US Marines begin construction of an airfield on Wake Island
1943 - USS Scorpion (SS-278 ) initiates mining of Japanese home waters
1945 - US offensive opens against the Shuri Line on Okinawa
1962 - NASA pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900 m
1989 - USS Iowa (BB-61 ) gun turret explosion, 47 die
1990 - Truce ends the Nicaraguan Civil War
April 19 at 00:37 EST .
GO3 April 17 in military history:|
1793 - Battle of Warsaw: Russians crush Polish insurgents
1861 - Confederacy authorizes privateers
1861 - U.S. steamer 'Star of West' captured by Confederates, Indianola, Texas
1863 - La Grange, Tn: Grierson's Raid begins, will end at Baton Rouge, LA. The Union raid was planned and conducted during the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. It was time to out-do the Confederates in cavalry expeditions. Col. Grierson's cavalry brigade consisted of the 6th and 7th Illinois and 2nd Iowa Cavalry regiments. Grierson and his 1,700 horse troopers, some in Confederate uniforms serving as scouts for the main force, rode over six hundred miles through hostile territory (from southern Tennessee, through the state of Mississippi and into Union-held Baton Rouge, Louisiana ), over routes no Union soldier had traveled before. They tore up railroads and burned crossties, freed slaves, burned Confederate storehouses, destroyed locomotives and commissary stores, ripped up bridges and trestles, burned buildings, and inflicted ten times the casualties they received, all while detachments of his troops made feints confusing the Confederates as to his actual whereabouts, intent and direction. The movie The Horse Soldiers, directed by John Ford, and starring John Wayne, William Holden and Constance Towers, and the Harold Sinclair novel of the same name on which it is based, are fictional variations of Grierson's Raid. Photo: Grierson's Raisers behind Confederate LInes.
1864 - Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges over Confederate refusal to treat black troops as soldiers
1941 - Iraq: British reinforcements arrive to defeat pro-fascist coup
1941 - Yugoslavia surrenders to the Germans
1945 - U.S. forces land on Mindanao Island, Philippines.
1961 - Bay of Pigs: 1,400 Cuban exiles land to overthrow Castro, all are killed or captured by the 19th.
1975 - Khmer Rouge capture Phnom Penh, initiating a reign of terror.
April 17 at 00:00 EST .
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GO3 April 12 in military history:|
238 - Battle of Carthage: Forces loyal to the Emperor Maximinius Thrax defeat those of the Gordiani
1204 - Fourth Crusaders capture Constantinople, amid great slaughter
1706 - The new United Kingdom of Great Britain adopts the "Union" flag
1796 - Battle of Montenotte: Bonaparte's French defeat the Austrians
1864 - Fort Pillow Massacre: Nathan Bedford Forrest's men slaughter black troops
1916 - Battle of Hacienda Santa Cruz de la Villegas: Maj. Charles Young, senior black officer in the U.S. Army, leads a squadron of the 10th Cavalry (Buffalo Soldiers ) to rescue the 13th Cav, besieged by the Mexicans
1935 - Germany prohibits publishing of "non-Aryan" writers
1943 - Allies capture Soussa, Tunisia; German occupiers seize the Catholic University at Nijmegen, the Netherlands; New Guinea: Japanese aircraft raid Port Moresby
1944 - British airlift a West African Chindit brigade into central Burma.
1945 - Okinawa: 150 kamikaze attack the Allied fleet, sinking one destroyer.
1945 - Senior U.S. commanders visit the Ohrduf Concentration Camp; Ike and Bradley are stunned, Patton vomits. Ohrdruf was a Nazi forced labor and concentration camp located near Ohrdruf, south of Gotha, in Thuringia, Germany. It was part of the Buchenwald concentration camp network and the first Nazi concentration camp liberated by U.S. troops. Through March 1945 the total number sent there was around 20,000, mainly Russians, Poles, Hungarian Jews, some French, Czechs, Italians, Belgians, Greeks, Yugoslavians and Germans. Conditions were atrocious: In the huts there were no beds, "only blood-covered straw and lice". Photo: Ike, Bradley, Patton and other senior leaders at Ohrduf Concentration Camp.
1961 - The first manned orbital mission: Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin, in Vostok 1
1966 - First B-52 raids on North Vietnam
1993 - Bosnia: USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71 ) and& NATO a/c initiate no-fly zone
April 12 at 01:31 EST .
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GO3 In case anyone is interested in names to match the faces, here are a few who jump out in the front row. Ike third from left with his typical hands in pockets stance and the round service hat; to his immediate left is Bradley; to your far right is Patton wearing his cav boots and riding britches with one of his ivory handled revolvers visible. I think the man on your far left (second to Ike's right ) is Maj. Gen. Walton "Bulldog" Walker who commanded XX Corps. Don't quote me on the Walker citation, though.
April 14 at 03:31 EST .
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GO3 April 10 in military history:|
847 - Consecration of Pope Leo IV (847-55 ), who would fortify the Vatican against the Moors and is later canonized
1864 - Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Emperor of Mexico (1864-1867 ), executed 1867
1918 - Near Toul, in eastern France, the 104th Infantry begins four days determined defense against a German assault. First established in Springfield, Massachusetts, the regiment was the first American unit to be awarded the French Croix de Guerre. The regimental citation read: "For greatest fighting spirit and self-sacrifice during action of April 10, 12 and 13, 1918. Suffering from heavy bombardments, and attack by very strong German Forces, the regiment succeeded in preventing their dangerous advance, and with greatest energy reconquered, at the point of bayonet, the few ruined trenches which had to be abandoned at the first onset, at the same time making prisoners". Photo: Soldiers of the 104th Infantry Regiment being decorated in France, June, 1918.
1940 - First Battle of Narvik: Royal Navy destroyers defeat German destroyers, two of which are lost
1941 - Axis troops capture Cyrenaica, invest Tobruk, initiating an unsuccessful seven month siege
1941 - USS 'Niblack' (DD-424 ) depth charges a U-boat; first US action against German forces although prior to a declaration of war.
1942 - Manila Bay: Japanese bombard Corregidor and other forts
1944 - Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
1945 - Allies liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp; British carriers attack Japanese airbases on Formosa.
1948 - Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar Ha-Emek
1963 - USS 'Thresher' (SSN-593 ) sinks east of Cape Cod, 124 die
April 10 at 01:08 EST .
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GO3 April 8 in military history:|
0 - Feast of St Walther Gautier of Pontoise, Patron of Prisoners-of-War
1861 - US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by Confederate officials
1864 - Battle of Mansfield, La; U.S. forces routed by Lt Gen Richard Taylor
1865 - Lee's retreat cut off near Appomattox Court House. Lee, having abandoned the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia retreated west, hoping to join his army with the Confederate forces in North Carolina. Union forces pursued and cut off the Confederate's retreat at the village of Appomattox Court House. Lee launched an attack to break through the Union force to his front, assuming the Union force consisted entirely of cavalry. When he realized that the cavalry was backed up by two corps of Union infantry, he had no choice but to surrender. Painting: Lee surrenders to General Grant.
1898 - Battle of the Atbara River: Kitchener's Anglo-Egyptian forces crush the Sudanese Mahdists
1940 - British destroyer 'Glowworm' is sunk after a gallant fight with the German heavy cruiser 'Admiral Hipper'
1945 - Okinawa: Marines probe Japanese lines on the Motobu Peninsula
1950 - Unarmed USN patrol plane downed over the Baltic Sea by Soviet aircraft
1956 - Parris Is, SC: Six Marine recruits drown during an unauthorized night exercise
April 8 at 00:48 EST .
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GO3 April 5 in military history:|
1812 - British take Badajoz, Spain, from the French by storm
1861 - U.S. troops abandon Ft Quitman, Tx
1881 - Transvaal regains independence from Britain
1916 - Battle of El Hanna: Unsuccessful British attempt to break the Turkish siege of Kut
1939 - Germany: "Aryan" youth ordered to join the Hitlerjugend
1942 - Bataan: Japanese troops capture Mt. Samat
1942 - Ceylon: Japanese carrier aircraft attack Colombo, other towns, and shipping, inflict heavy damage, and sink British heavy cruisers Cornwall and Dorsetshire
1943 - Burma: British 6th Brigade HQ is overrun by advancing Japanese in the Arakan
1951 - Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death
1962 - NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600m altitude
1986 - Berlin: two US servicemen and a Turkish woman die in a terrorist bombing
1991 - Iraq: US begins relief air drops to Kurds in the north. Operation Provide Comfort was actually initiated by the British (Operation Haven ) and was quickly joined by the United States and other Coalition nations of the Gulf War. The mission started in April 1991 to defend Kurds fleeing their homes in northern Iraq in the aftermath of the Gulf War and to deliver humanitarian aid. It was spearheaded by 3 Commando Brigade, Royal Marines, with elements from the Army, Royal Air Force, and other coalition members. The ground mission within Iraq took 58 days to complete. Operation Provide Comfort/Haven officially ended shortly after that, but the enforcement of the No Fly Zone continued to ensure security in the region. Photo: USMC LAV-25 during Operation Provide Comfort.
April 5 at 00:20 EST .
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GO3 March 16 in military history:|
597BC - The Babylonians capture Jerusalem
1865 - Battle of Averasboro, NC. The Confederate military action on the Smith plantation four miles south of the village of Averasboro was and is of considerable significance. The battle resulted from a deliberate, well-planned, and well-executed Confederate tactical military maneuver in force--the first since the beginning of Sherman's march. The action was designed to delay and to damage General Sherman's progress, and it did both under the able and experienced leadership of General William J. Hardee. Painting: Battle of Averasboro.
1916 - The new Dutch passenger liner 'Tubatina' is torpedoed off the Netherlands, Germany denies responsibility despite recovery of portions of the torpedo
1935 - Hitler announces German rearmament, after years of covert efforts under the Weimar Republic, in violation of the Treaty of Versailles.
1941 - The Pennsylvania Railroad's Cleveland-Pittsburgh express is derailed near Baden, Pa. by Ukrainian fascists acting in German pay; 5 dead,. about 114 injured
1945 - Iwo Jima: organized Japanese resistance ends, mopping up continues.
1968 - My Lai Massacre, perhaps 450 die
1985 - Hezbollah terrorists capture Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson, hold him until 1991
March 16 at 07:55 EST .
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GO3 March 14 in military history:|
1653 - Naval Battle off Livorno: Dutch fleet under Johan van Galen defeats the English
1836 - Battle of Refugio: Mexicans capture Texian force
1941 - German Air Raid on Clydebank: After two nights of bombing by 439 German bombers, nearly every building the town is damaged or destroyed, more than 500 were dead, and over 35,000 homeless. Clydebank, Scotland was a major ship building town and it also produced munitions for the Allies. This made it a target for the Luftwaffe. Major industries included the John Brown & Company shipyard, Royal Ordnance Factory Dalmuir and the Singer Corporation factory. Out of 12,000 houses only seven remained undamaged. Photo: Clydebank after the bombing.
1942 - MacArthur arrives on Mindanao by PT-boat, from Bataan en route to Australia.
1945 - B-29s raid Osaka, 13,000 casualties.
1945 - RAF bombs railway link at Hanover-Hamm
1991 - The Emir returns to Kuwait, newly liberated from Iraqi occupation
March 14 at 05:49 EST .
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