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Veterans' Page
& Militaria

   GO3  June 1 in military history:

1774 - British close the Port of Boston in punishment for the Tea Party
1861 - Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Va

1862 - Battle of Seven Pines: Confederate Gen. Joe Johnston is wounded, and relinquishes command, which will go to Robert E. Lee. The battle was the culmination of an offensive up the Virginia Peninsula by Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, in which the Army of the Potomac reached the outskirts of Richmond. Ultimately, both sides claimed victory, although the battle was tactically inconclusive. Nevertheless, it was the largest battle in the Eastern Theater up to that time (and second only to Shiloh in casualties; about 11,000 total ). Gen. Johnston's injury also had profound influence on the war: it led to the appointment of Robert E. Lee as Confederate commander. The more aggressive Lee initiated the Seven Days Battles, leading to a Union retreat in late June. Painting: Union troops attack during the Battle of Seven Pines.

1877 - US troops authorized to pursue bandits & Indians into Mexico
1915 - 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
1917 - The French Army "Mutinies" begin: Troops go on strike. Order is restored in about four weeks, with minimal violence, and the Germans never learn of them
1941 - Germany bans all Catholic publications
1944 - Allied forces begin covering much of Britain with smoke screens, as troops crowd assembly areas for D-Day
1948 - Cease-fire ends Israeli War for Independence

   May 31 at 23:48 EST .

   2 people like this.

   GO3  May 28 in military history:

861 - The Vikings sack and burn Paris

1754 - French and Indian War: The Battle of Jumonville Glen was the opening battle of the war where Lt. Col. George Washington's small band of militiamen and Indians defeated the French and Indians near Ft Duquesne. The battle was fought near what is present-day Hopwood and Uniontown in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. A company of colonial militia from Virginia under the command of George Washington, and a small number of Mingo warriors led by Tanacharison, ambushed a force of 35 Canadiens under the command of Joseph Coulon de Villiers de Jumonville. Washington and Tanacharison surrounded the Canadian camp killing some in the ambush, but most of the others were captured. Painting: Washington's forces surround the Canadian camp at Jumonville Glen.

1813 - Second Battle of Sackett's Harbor: Americans defeat a British attack from across Lake Ontario
1940 - King Leopold III surrenders Belgium to the Germans
1940 - Norway: Anglo-French forces capture Narvik
1945 - Okinawa: about 100 kamikaze raid Allied fleet, inflicting considerable damage but sinking only one destroyer
1954 - USAF Maj. Arthur Murray takes the Bell 'X-1A' to 90,440 feet
1991 - Ethiopian rebels seize Addis Ababa

   May 28 at 00:29 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  May 23 in military history:

1862 - Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Front Royal, Virginia. The Valley Campaign was Jackson's famous spring 1862 campaign through the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. Employing audacity and rapid, unpredictable movements on interior lines, Jackson's 17,000 men marched 646 miles in 48 days and won several minor battles as they successfully engaged three Union armies (52,000 men ), preventing them from reinforcing the Union offensive against Richmond. Concealing his movement in the Luray Valley, Jackson joined forces with Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell and captured the Federal garrison at Front Royal on May 23, causing Union General Banks to retreat to the north. Painting: Stonewall Jackson during the Valley Campaign.

1864 - Battle of North Anna River/Totopotamy River/Haw's Shop/Hanovertown, Va: Three day fight begins
1939 - USS 'Squalus" (SS-192 ) sinks off Portsmouth, NH; 26 die, but 33 are rescued next day
1945 - German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to the Royal Navy
1945 - The Allies dissolve the "Dönitz Government," and abolish German sovereignty
1960 - Israel announces the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina

   May 23 at 00:07 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  May 21 in military history:

878 - Syracuse, the capital of Byzantine Sicily, surrenders after an eight month siege to Muslim invaders, who enslave all of the inhabitants that they do not massacre, and raze every church.
1856 - Lawrence, Kansas captured & sacked by pro-slavery forces
1917 - Leo Pinckney is the first American drafted during WW I
1942 - Philippines: Japanese troops occupy Samar and Leyte
1943 - China: Japanese open a new offensive across the Yangtze River
1956 - US explodes the first airdropped hydrogen bomb, Bikini Atoll
1964 - US begins intelligence flights above Laos
1968 - USS Scorpion (SSN-589 ) sinks off Azores, 99 die
1982 - British Forces land on the Falkland Islands. During the night, the British Amphibious Task Group under the command of Commodore Michael Clapp (Commodore, Amphibious Warfare – COMAW ) mounted Operation Sutton, the amphibious landing on beaches around San Carlos Water. The 4,000 men of 3 Commando Brigade were put ashore as were units from the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, and armoured reconnaissance vehicles. By dawn the next day, they had established a secure beachhead from which to conduct offensive operations leading to ultimate victory on 14 June 1982. Photo: British troops land at San Carlos.

   May 20 at 23:39 EST .

   2 people like this.

   GO3  May 17 in military history:

1102 - Second Battle of Ramalah: Crusaders defeat the Fatimids
1756 - Seven Years' War: Britain declares war on France
1863 - Battle of Big Black River Bridge: Grant begins sealing off Vicksburg
1905 - Norway declares independence from Sweden
1940 - Germans capture Brussels
1943 - Operation Chastise: RAF 617 Squadron (The Dam Busters ) destroys the Ruhr Valley dams in the early morning hours

1944 - Burma: Merrill's Marauders initiate a long campaign to take Myitkina and its airfield. The Marauders led the way for a Chinese-American combined force to seize Myitkyina. However, after quickly seizing the airfield, lack of coordination between the Marauders and the stronger regulars behind them gave the Japanese an opportunity to reinforce the town, making the attack on Myitkyina a long campaign. The 14th Evacuation Hospital was moved forward with the primary duty of caring for the sick and wounded Marauders. The hospital staff recorded that: ..."many of them were seriously ill and they were so tired, dirty, and hungry that they looked more dead than alive. They suffered from exhaustion, malnutrition, typhus, malaria, amebic dysentery, jungle sores, and many other diseases resulting from months of hardship in the tropical jungle." Photo: Gen. Stilwell talks to some troops from Merrill’s Marauders at Myitkyina.

1945 - Last major surface naval battle of WW II: Japanese cruiser Haguro sunk by British destroyers in the Malacca Straits.
1974 - Protestant Ulster "Unionist" terrorists detonate four bombs in the Irish Republic, 33 die, including children.
1987 - USS 'Stark' (FFG-31 ) hit by Iraqi missiles, 37 sailors die

   May 17 at 01:24 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  May 15 in military history:

1033 - Moslem rioters initiate attacks on the Jews of Fez, Morocco: around 6000 die over the next few weeks
1525 - Frankenhausen: German "Peasants' War" ends as nobles slaughter 5,000
1718 - Brit James Puckle receives a patent for a repeating firearm - the first "machine gun"
1862 - Battle of Princeton Court House , West Virginia: Rebs win
1867 - Battle of Queretero: The Mexican Republicans defeat the Imperialists, and capture the "Emperor" Maximilian von Hapsburg
1904 - Japanese battleships 'Hatsuse' & 'Yashima' mined & sunk off Port Arthur
1941 - British attack Halfaya Pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt & Libya
1944 - Eisenhower and Montgomery brief George VI and Churchill on the D-Day plan
1948 - Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan, and Saudi-Arabia attack Israel.

1957 - First British H-bomb (fusion ) device exploded, Christmas Island, the Pacific. The British fusion bomb program was started in 1954 and developed with limited resources in a remarkably short space of time. Scientists took two years to develop the weapon compared with their American counterparts who took seven years before exploding their first device. Photo: Detonation of Britain's first H-bomb over Christmas Island.

1972 - Ryukyu Islands return to Japan after 27 years of US control

   May 15 at 01:36 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  May 13 in military history:

1110 - Crusaders capture Beirut
1861 - Britain declares neutrality in the American Civil War
1865 - Battle of Palmeto Ranch, Tx: Rebs win the last battle of the Civil War
1940 - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands flees to England to avoid capture by the Germans

1943 - Axis troops in Tunisia surrender, ending the African Campaign. Signal from General Sir Harold Alexander, CinC, Middle East to Prime Minister: "The end is very near. Von Arnim has been captured, and prisoners will most likely be over 150,000. All organised resistance has collapsed, and only pockets of enemy are still holding out. It appears that we have taken over 1,000 guns, of which 180 are 88-mm, 250 tanks, and many thousands of motor vehicles, many of which are serviceable." In reality, over 250,000 Germans were captured, marking the defeat on par with Stalingrad. Photo: British Stuart light tank crew accepts surrender of a German unit.

1945 - Kyushu: US carriers begin two day raid against Japanese airfields
1946 - US sentences 58 Mauthausen concentration camp guards to death
1964 - The first nuclear-powered task force puts to sea, Enterprise (CVN-65 ), Long Beach (CGN-9 ), and Bainbridge (DLGN-25/CGN-25 )

   May 13 at 04:18 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  May 9 in military history:

1846 - Mexican-American War: Battle of Resaca de la Palma. Resaca de la Palma, in present day Brownsville, TX, was one of the early engagements of the Mexican-American War. US General Zachary Taylor engaged the retreating forces of the Mexican Army of the North under General Mariano Arista. United States troops were victorious and forced the Mexicans out of Texas. The Mexican Army left behind a number of artillery pieces, Arista's writing desk and silver service, the colors of Mexico's lauded Tampico Battalion, and other baggage. Among the several captured Mexican artillery pieces were two 8-pounder bronze guns, two 6-pounder bronze guns, and four 4-pounder bronze guns. Painting: Captain Charles May's 2d Dragoons (later re-designated the 2d Cavalry ) charge Mexican artillery and capture General Romulo Diaz de la Vega.

1862 - Confederates abandon positions near Ft Pickens, Pensacola
1911 - Mexican revolutionaries invest Ciudad Juarez (to May 11 )
1912 - First airplane takes off from a ship: Lt. Charles R. Sampson, RN, flies a Short Pusher off HMS Hibernia in Weymouth Bay, England
1936 - Italian troops occupy Addis Abeba, securing Ethiopia
1942 - USS Wasp (CV-7 ) launches 47 RAF Spitfires to reinforce Malta
1945 - Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation
1955 - German Federal Republic joins NATO

   May 8 at 23:15 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  May 7 in military history:

878 - Battle of Ethandune: Alfred the Great defeats the Danes
1429 - Joan of Arc breaks the English siege of Orleans
1763 - Pontiac's Rebellion: Pontiac attacks the British in Ft. Detroit
1779 - US Sloop-of-War Providence captures HM Brig Diligent
1862 - Battle of West Point/Eltham's Landing/Barnhamsville, VA
1898 - Skirmish at Havana: US ships & Spanish batteries exchange fire
1915 - German sub U-20 torpedoes the liner 'Lusitania', 1198 die
1920 - Russo-Polish War: The Poles capture Kiev
1939 - Hitler and Mussolini proclaim the Rome-Berlin Axis
1940 - Winston S. Churchill becomes Prime Minister of the UK
1942 - Battle of the Coral Sea, Day 1: US sinks Japanese carrier Shoho, USN loses an oiler and destroyer
1943 - British troops capture Tunis, the US 1st Armored Div captures Ferryville and the 9th Infantry Div takes Bizerte
1944 - Heavy Allied air raids on Japanese shipping lanes to Rangoon and Bangkok
1945 - Germany signs a preliminary surrender agreement
1945 - The SS opens fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
1945 - The Dutch "Princess Irene Bde" liberates The Hague

1954 - Dien Bien Phu: Vietminh overrun the French after a 55-day siege. Hell in a very small place came to an end when the Vietminh overran French Forces despite courageous fighting on the part of French paratroopers and Foreign Legionnaires. The initial French intent was to initiate a set piece battle to draw out the Vietnamese and destroy them with superior firepower. However, the Viet Minh under General Võ Nguyên Giáp, surrounded and besieged the French with vast amounts of heavy artillery, including antiaircraft guns. The placement of Vietminh artillery in tunnels overlooking the French encampment made it nearly impervious to French counter-battery fire. Photo: French infantry supported by an M-24 Chaffee light tank counter-attack to retake a battle position at Dien Bien Phu.

1957 - USAF F-104 Starfighter reaches 90,000 feet
1985 - Ticker tape parade on Broadway to honor Vietnam Veterans

   May 6 at 23:42 EST .

   3 people like this.

   Allsogreat  I want to thank GO3 for all the history content.....H
   May 6 at 10:21 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  And thank you for reading.
May 6 at 22:57 EST .

  4 people like this.

   RedWhiteBlue  “The American Flag does not fly because
the wind moves past it. The American Flag flies from the last breath of each military member who has died protecting it.”
May 1 at 22:03 EST .

   4 people like this.

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