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   GO3  Dec. 4 in military history:

0 - Feast of St. Barbara, Patron of Artillery
771 - Charlemagne becomes sole King of the Franks (768-814 ) on the death of his brother
1110 - The First Crusaders sack Sidon
1489 - The Spanish liberate Baza from the Moors
1783 - Washington bids his officers farewell, Fraunces' Tavern, New York
1861 - Skirmishes at Anandale and Dunksburg, Mo
1864 - Battle of Waynesborough, GA

1899 - Presidential son Webb Hayes earns a Medal of Honor in the Philippines. James Webb Cook Hayes was the second son of President Rutherford B. Hayes. He served in the three wars: The Spanish-American War, the Philippine-American War, and WWI. Just hours after landing in the PI, he led a rescue party to free captured men at Vigan Island. He received the Medal of Honor for this action. His citation reads: "Pushed through the enemy's lines alone, during the night, from the beach to the beleaguered force at Vigan, and returned the following morning to report the condition of affairs to the Navy and secure assistance." Photo: Webb Hayes who rose to the rank of Brigadier General.

1941 - Carrier 'Enterprise' (CV-6 ) aircraft fly off as reinforcements for Wake Island
1941 - Navy Department orders Guam to destroy all codes and secret documents
1942 - Guadalcanal: the USMC's Carlson's Raiders end a 30-day "Long Patrol" behind Japanese lines
1942 - US air raids on the Italian mainland from North Africa
1943 - Japanese aerial torpedo hits carrier 'Lexington' (CV-16 ) in the Marshalls
1943 - Sub 'Sailfish' (SS-192 ) sinks Japanese escort carrier 'Chuyo', damages carrier 'Ryuho'
1943 - U.S. carriers hit Kwajelein & Wotje, inflict heavy losses
1971 - McGurk's Bar Bombing: In Belfast members of the Ulster Volunteer Force kill 15 Catholics, wound many more
1983 - US airstrikes on Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon

   3 hours ago .

   GO3  Dec. 1 in military history:

176 - Triumph of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius & his son Commodus, for the defeat of the Sarmatians
1145 - Pope Eugene III calls for a Second Crusade
1822 - Battle of Monrovia: Americo-Liberians defeat local tribes
1896 - Armored cruiser 'Brooklyn' (CA-3 ) commissioned, at Philadelphia
1918 - Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes [Yugoslavia] proclaimed at Belgrade
1924 - Communist Coup attempt in Estonia's capital Tallinn is suppressed by swift military action
1939 - SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews to concentration camps
1941 - As the Imperial Japanese Fleet is making its way toward Hawaii, the Japanese Navy changes call signs, and Emperor Hirohito approves war with the United States
1941 - USSs 'Argonaut' (SM-1 ) & 'Trout' (SS-202 ) take station off Midway, 'Triton' (SS-201 ) & 'Tambor' (SS-198 ) off Wake Island
1941 - The Civil Air Patrol is formed
1942 - Gasoline rationing begins in the US

1942 - Papua New Guinea: Australians capture Gona Village as Lt Gen Eichelberger is put in command of the Buna-Gona operation. The operation to seize Gona started 19 Nov. but ran up against a tenacious Japanese defense and units also suffered severe logistical problems. When Gona was finally taken, gains could not be fully consolidated because of Japanese counter-attacks. Photo: Australian Vickers machine gunners reloading belts following the fall of Gona.

2012 - The world's first nuclear carrier, USS 'Enterprise' (CVN 65 ), is inactivated after 51 years of commissioned service.

   Wednesday at 22:57 EST .

   2 people like this.

   GO3  Nov. 29 in military history:

1340 - Battle of Salado: the last important Moorish victory in Spain
1745 - French troops attack Indians at Saratoga, NY
1795 - US pays $800,000 & a frigate for "protection" from Algerian & Tunisian pirates
1864 - Rosser's Raid: Battle of New Creek/Ft Kelly, WVa
1899 - Battle of Modder River: Pyrrhic British victory over the Boers
1904 - Battle of Warmbadm, SW Africa: German colonial troops defeat the Hottentots with great slaughter
1912 - First Balkan War: Albania declares independence from the Ottoman Empire, with a little help from Austria-Hungary and Italy

1916 - First German air raid on London. Most people have forgotten that strategic bombing got its start in WWI and continued throughout the war. Photo and painting: Imperial German Zeppelin and the Gotha bomber.

1939 - USSR revokes the Soviet-Finnish non-aggression pact
1941 - Heeding the CNO's Nov 27 signal, Rear Adm Wm Halsey issues 'Battle Order No. 1', "Enterprise is now operating under war conditions . . . ."
1941 - Mohammad Amin al-Husayni, Grand Mufti of Jerusalem meets Hitler, and they agree that the "Final Solution" must be extended to the Holy Land
1944 - Allied troops clear the Schelde, permitting ships to reach Antwerp
1980 - Operation Morvarid: Iranian naval and air forces destroy the bulk of the Iraqi Navy

   November 28 at 21:54 EST .

   2 people like this.

   GO3  Nov. 27 in military history:

1838 - The Pastry War: French troops occupy Vera Cruz to collect alleged damages
1863 - Battle of Payne's Farm, VA
1868 - Battle of the Washita: Custer defeats the Cheyenne
1901 - Army War College established in Washington
1941 - HMAS 'Parramatta' is sunk off Tobruk by 'U-559'
1941 - Joint Army-Navy signal to senior commanders in the Pacific ends with, "This dispatch is to be considered a war warning," and CNO adds to CINCUS Kimmel "an aggressive move by Japan is expected within the next few days"

1941 - Operation Crusader: British troops break the seven month Axis siege of Tobruk. There were huge losses on both sides in this swirling tank battle which lasted several weeks. Eventually the British managed a victory by a hair's breadth. Photo: A Crusader Mk.I passes a burning German Panzer IV, 27 November 1941.

1942 - The French Navy scuttles its ships at Toulon to prevent Nazis from capturing them
1943 - Tehran Conference: Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin talk strategy
1944 - B-29s based in the Marianas raid Tokyo , while others based in India bomb Bangkok.
1951 - First successful surface-to-air missile test, White Sands, NM
1958 - USSR abrogates Allied war-time agreements on control of Germany

   November 26 at 21:52 EST .

   2 people like this.

   MeiDei  With thanks..
   November 24 at 18:52 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  Nov. 24 in military history:

1863 - Battles of Chattanooga, Columbia, & Lookout Mt Tennessee
1941 - Chief of Naval Operations warns fleet "surprise aggressive movement" by Japan imminent
1943 - Operation Galvanic: Escort carrier 'Liscome Bay' (CVE 56 ) is sunk by submarine off Makin
1944 - First B-29 raid from Saipan; 111 bombers hit Tokyo. The long range bombing campaign did not get off to a good start. The target was the Nakajima Aircraft Company's Musashi engine plant just outside Tokyo. 111 B-29s took off, led by Brigadier General Emmett O'Donnell flying in "Dauntless Dotty." Seventeen of them had to abort due to the usual spate of engine failures. The remainder approached the target at altitudes of 27-32,000 feet. For the first time, the B-29 encountered the jet stream, which was a high-speed wind coming out of the west at speeds as high as 200 mph at precisely the altitudes at which the bombers were operating. This caused the bomber formations to be disrupted and made accurate bombing impossible. In addition, the Nakajima plant was covered in patchy cloud at the time and only 24 of the B-29s dropped their bombs in even roughly the right place. The target was hardly damaged, and one B-29 was rammed by a Japanese fighter and destroyed. Photo: B-29 "Dauntless Dotty" is readied for a mission.

1954 - France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria

   November 23 at 21:50 EST .

   2 people like this.

   GardenGal  How interesting. I am not military but my husband is retired USAF and both of my parents were in allied forces in WWII.
November 24 at 17:58 EST .

   GO3  What many fail to understand is that aircraft losses in WWII were huge; and I'm not just talking about combat losses. It was the Golden Age of aerial warfare but an undertaking of this magnitude had never been done before or since. Even just ferrying aircraft to the theater of operations resulted in losses. This is something we would find unacceptable today. Bit of trivia: Nazi Germany's most produced fighter was the Me109 with about 33,000 made (I think ). Fully one-third of them crashed during takeoff or landing because of a stall characteristic to the right. If the pilot wasn't focused on what was going on, he could end up dead without firing a shot in anger.
November 25 at 09:22 EST .

   GO3  Nov. 22 in military history:

1812 - Battle of Wild Cat Creek: US troops and militiamen defeated by the Kickapoo, Winnebago, & Shawnee in Indiana
1869 - Launch of the 'Cutty Sark,' in Dumbarton, Scotland, now the last clipper ship in existence
1906 - Enlisted men of USS 'Louisiana' (BB-19 ) host "Comrade and Shipmate" Theodore Roosevelt
1914 - Ypres burns under German bombardment
1940 - First meeting between Adolf Hitler and Romanian Dictator Ion Antonescu
1940 - Battle of Korytsa: Italian invaders are forced back into Albania by Greek counterattacks
1943 - The Cairo Conference: FDR, Churchill, & Chiang meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan
1943 - Operation Galvanic: on Makin, 27th Div advances slowly, while on Tarawa, the Marines defeat a nocturnal Japanese "Banzai" charge. Info: The fight on Tarawa, the first amphibious assault against a prepared enemy in the Pacific, was not only brutal, but exposed serious flaws in the planning and execution by US forces. During the battle, two Navy lieutenants, John Fletcher and Eddie A Heimberger, became aware that some 150 wounded Marines were stranded on the reef. Working independently, they started to rescue the men and take them back for transportation to hospital ships. Heimberger had to commandeer an LCVP after his boat was damaged and repeatedly came under fire from a lone Japanese sniper who had swum out to a wrecked LCVP and the Niminoa, an old wreck lying west of the main pier. Heimberger disposed of the sniper, and continued his task of retrieving the wounded. He even collected the 8th Marines Surgeon to help with the wounded. Heimberger received the Navy Cross for his actions and resumed his acting career after the war under his first two names - Eddie Albert. Photo: US Marines struggle to establish a beachhead on Betio in the Tarawa Atoll.

1990 - Pres. George H. W. Bush visits US troops in Saudi Arabia

   November 21 at 22:29 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  Nov. 20 in military history:

1780 - Britain declares war on Holland, which is supporting the rebellious Americans
1862 - Confederate Army of Tennessee formed under Gen Braxton Bragg
1917 - The first tank offensive: Cambrai - British tanks shatter the German lines on the Western Front, though gains are lost to counter-attacks over the next few days.

1918 - The 369th “Colored” Infantry, the "Harlem Hellfighters" New York National Guard, becomes the first American unit to reach the Rhine and take up occupation duties in Germany after the WWI armistice. During the war, the regiment spent over six months in combat, perhaps the longest of any other American unit. The 369th suffered approximately fifteen hundred casualties but received only nine hundred replacements. (Painting: The 369th during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. )

1942 - British Eighth Army recaptures Benghazi, Lybia
1943 - Operation Galvanic: the 2nd Mar Div lands on Betio, Tarawa, while 27th Inf Div lands on Makin
1945 - General of the Army George C. Marshall steps down, after 2272 days as Chief-of-Staff
1953 - Scott Crossfield breaks Mach 2 in a Douglas Skyrocket
1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis: The Soviets agree to remove their missiles from Cuba, and US lifts naval quarantine of the island
1979 - Siege of the Grand Mosque at Mecca: 300 or more Islamist radicals seize the Mosque and Kaaba, initiating a two week siege before they are overcome by Saudi and Pakistani forces; c. 250 deaths, many wounded
2015 - Terrorist attack in Bamako, Mali: Islamists htake c. 200 hostages in a hotel, kill 19 before the terrorists are killed

   November 20 at 03:55 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  Nov. 17 in military history:

1494 - Charles VIII of France occupies Florence
1863 - Confederates under James Longstreet besiege Knoxville, TN (give up Dec 4 )
1912 - First Balkan War - Battle of Çatalca: The Turks defeat a Bulgarian attempt to capture Constantinople

1917 - First US Anti-Sub Warfare victory: Destroyers 'Fanning" (DD-37 ) & 'Nicholson' (DD-52 ) sink 'U-58', in the Irish Sea. Queenstown (now Cobh ) in the south of Ireland was the center for anti-submarine forces, on the Western Approaches, under the command of Admiral Lewis Bayley, Commander in Chief , Coast of Ireland. Photo: USS Fanning, moored in Monkstown Bay, Cork, Ireland.

1997 - Islamist radicals kill 62 tourists at the Temple of Hatshepsut in Egypt

   November 16 at 21:40 EST .

   3 people like this.

   GO3  Nov. 15 in military history:

1805 - The Lewis and Clark expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean
1864 - Sherman burns what the Confederates haven't of Atlanta
1884 - Congress of Berlin carves up Africa among European powers
1899 - Winston Churchill is captured by the Boers
1916 - Maj. Winston S. Churchill takes command of a platoon of the 2nd Grenadier Guards, in the trenches on the Somme
1940 - Uncle Sam's first 75,000 draftees report for duty

1942 - Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, Day 4: pre-dawn surface action by battleship USS Washington' (BB-56 ) secures command of the seas. The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, sometimes referred to as the Third and Fourth Battles of Savo Island, or the Battle of the Solomons, took place from 12–15 November 1942, and was the decisive engagement in between Allied and Imperial Japanese forces during the months-long Guadalcanal Campaign in the Solomon Islands during World War II. It was a particularly destructive and deadly battle. The only two U.S. Navy admirals to be killed in a surface engagement in the war were lost in this battle. (Photo: USS George Washington (BB-56 )

1942 - Church bells ring across Britain for the first time since the German invasion threat of 1940, to celebrate victory in the Battle of El Alamein
1943 - US bombers from China attack harbor installations in Hong Kong
1967 - Michael Adams in the X-15 reaches 80 km altitude

   November 14 at 22:12 EST .

   3 people like this.

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