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GO3 Oct. 18 in military history:|
1767 - Completion of the survey of the Mason-Dixon Line, defining the mutual borders of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware
1776 - Col John Glover & his Marblehead Regiment fight the British in the Bronx
1859 - US Marines under Robert E. Lee capture John Brown & his party at Harper’s ferry
1862 - Morgan's raiders capture Federal garrison at Lexington, Ky
1863 - Battle of Charlestown, WVa
1867 - Alaska formally transferred from Russia to the US
1905 - Pogroms begin in Russia, leading to hundreds of Jewish deaths over the next week
1925 - French Gen Sarrail begins three day bombardment of Damascus
1941 - Russian spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
1942 - Guadalcanal: US sub damages a "Tokyo Express" light cruiser
1942 - VAdm Ghormley replaced by VAdm Halsey as commander of the South Pacific Theatre
1944 - Rangers begin landing on outlying islands in Leyte Gulf.
1977 - German special forces storm a hijacked airliner in Somalia, 4 hijackers die, 86 hostages freed. Info: Lufthansa Flight 181 was hijacked on 13 October 1977 by four members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, who called themselves Commando Martyr Halima. The objective of the hijacking was to secure the release of imprisoned Red Army Faction leaders. On 18 October the aircraft was stormed by the West German counter-terrorism group GSG-9 in Mogadishu, Somalia. All 86 passengers were rescued, however, the pilot, Captain Jürgen Schumann, had been executed earlier while the plane was on the ground in Aden. The rescue operation was code-named Feuerzauber (German term for "Fire Magic" ) Below is artist's rendering of the operation.
Tuesday at 02:44 EST .
GO3 Oct. 16 in military history:|
1710 - British troops capture Port Royal, Nova Scotia, from the French
1775 - Portland, Maine, burned by the British
1859 - John Brown stages a raid on Harper's Ferry, takes hostages, holds up in the Engine House of the Arsenal
1863 - U.S. Grant is named commander of Union forces in the West
1939 - First German air raid on the British Isles in WW II: Bombs fall on naval installations at Rosyth, as the RAF downs one attacker
1940 - First black American promoted to general: Benjamin Oliver Davis, Sr.
1940 - Nazis establish the Warsaw Ghetto
1940 - WW II draft begins; #158 is drawn first
1942 - USAAF sinks a Japanese destroyer near Kiska
1943 - New Guinea: the Japanese begin major counterattacks at Finschhafen (see photo: US troops during the New Guinea Campaign )
1946 - Execution of the ten major Nazi leaders convicted at Nuremberg
1962 - Missile Crisis: JFK learns of Soviet missiles in Cuba
1964 - China becomes world's fifth nuclear power
1990 - US forces in the Persian Gulf reach 200,000
October 15 at 22:40 EST .
GO3 Oct. 13 in military history:|
539BC - Cyrus the Great of Persia captures Babylon
1812 - Battle of Queenstown Height: British/Canadians defeat the Americans
1864 - John Mosby raids Harpers Ferry
1914 - Belgian government relocates to Le Havre, France
1914 - Pro-German Boer insurrection in South Africa
1918 - Gefreiter (Lance Corporal ) Adolf Hitler is temporarily blinded in a mustard gas attack near Ypres
1924 - Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Mecca
1942 - Guadalcanal: Japanese air, artillery, & naval bombardment of the Marines, as U.S. destroyers shell the Japanese. Photo below: Imperial Japanese destroyers Shigure and Samidare operating off of Guadalcanal.
1943 - Italy declares war on former ally Germany
1944 - Red Army liberates Riga from the Germans
1944 - US carriers conduct a 2nd day of raids against Japanese installations on Formosa
1960 - Fidel Castro stages mass executions in a stadium in Havana
1987 - First operational use of dolphins by the US Navy, in the Persian Gulf
October 12 at 23:04 EST .
GO3 Oct 11 in military history (expanding this feature a bit with extra information on a selected event and a photo or military art if available ):|
1776 - Battle of Valcour I.: American squadron under Benedict Arnold halts the British on Lake Champlain
1797 - Battle of Camperdown: Royal Navy defeats the Dutch
1861 - Battle of Dumfries/Quantico Creek, Va
1862 - J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry sacks Chambersburg, Pa.
1899 - Responding to an ultimatum from both the Transvaal and Orange Free State, Britain declares war on the Boers.
1915 - Bulgarians initiates an offensive against Serbia
1942 - Battle of Cape Esperance: US cruisers and destroyers ambush the "Tokyo Express"
1943 - USS 'Wahoo' (ss 238 ) sunk by Japanese aircraft in La Perouse Strait. Info: Wahoo's third through fifth patrols established a record not only in damage inflicted on the enemy for three successive patrols, but also for accomplishing this feat in the shortest time on patrol: a total of 93,281 tons sunk and 30,880 damaged in only 25 patrol days (see photo of USS Wahoo underway ).
1944 - Japan announces it will "fight to the last man, woman, child, weapon, and piece of equipment."
1945 - Chinese civil war begins: Chiang Kai-Shek vs. Mao Tse-Tung
1961 - USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100 m
October 11 at 02:02 EST .
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GO3 Oct. 9 in military history:|
1835 - Texians occupy Goliad
1861 - Combat at Santa Rosa, Fl
1861 - Skirmish at Hillsborough, Ky
1864 - Cavalry Action at Tom's Brook, Va: Yanks edge Rebs
1914 - Germans capture Antwerp, as Belgians & British withdraw
1915 - Belgrade surrenders to Austro-German forces
1940 - The Blitz: St. Paul's Cathedral is damaged
1942 - Guadalcanal: Japanese destroyers land elements of the 2nd Div.
1942 - Guadalcanal: Marines encircle Japanese 4th Inf Regt.
1944 - German occupiers turn off the electricity in Amsterdam
1945 - Ticker tape parade on Broadway for Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Marine ace Col. Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, and a dozen Pacific War veterans who held the Medal of Honor
1963 - French air force gets nuclear weapons
1990 - Saddam Hussein threatens to hit Israel with a new missile
October 8 at 22:50 EST .
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GO3 Oct. 6 in military history:|
1762 - Manila surrenders to a British expedition after a short siege
1777 - George Washington returns British General Sir William Howe's dog captured at Germantown
1781 - Americans & French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown
1884 - Naval War College opens, in a former poor house at Newport, RI
1922 - Allies end occupation of Constantinople
1935 - Italian troops capture Adua, Abyssinia
1943 - Naval Battle of Vella Lavella: USN & IJN tangle, each losing a destroyer
1943 - Himmler demands acceleration of the "Final Solution"
1944 - Soviet troops enter Hungary and Czechoslovakia
1949 - Iva Toguri "Tokyo Rose" D'Aquino is sentenced to 10 years & fined $10,000
1951 - Stalin announces Russia has the atom bomb
1958 - USS 'Seawolf' (SSN-575 ) remains under the polar ice for 60 days
1961 - JFK advises Americans to build bomb shelters
1973 - Syria & Egypt attack Israel, initiating the "Yom Kippur War"
2002 - French tanker 'Limburg' is attacked by terrorists off Yemen
October 5 at 23:22 EST .
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GO3 Oct. 4 in military history:|
0 - Feast of St. Francis of Assisi, sometime soldier and prisoner-of-war
1189 - Siege of Acre: Crusaders defeat an Ayyubid assault
1821 - First USN squadron sails for anti-slavery patrol off Africa
1861 - Combat at Buffalo Hill, Ky
1939 - Last Polish troops surrender to the Germans
1940 - Hitler and Mussolini confer at the Brenner Pass
1942 - USS 'Greenling' (SS-213 ) sinks 'Setsuyo Maru' east of Tokyo: Since Dec 7, '41 Japan has lost 700,000 tons of merchant shipping
1943 - Corsica liberated by Free French troops
1944 - Aircraft off USS 'Ranger' (CV-4 ) raid German bases in Norway, sink or damage 8 ships
1957 - USSR orbits Sputnik I - the Space Race begins
1962 - USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300 m
October 3 at 22:52 EST .
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GO3 Oct. 2 in military history:|
1187 - Saladin captures Jerusalem, ending 88 years of Christian rule
1799 - Washington Navy Yard established
1835 - Battle of Gonzales: Texians rout Mexicans, touching off the Texas Revolution
1855 - Battle of Piedras Negras: Mexican troops & Black Seminole settlers defeat c. 100 American slave catchers and Texas Rangers who raided across the Rio Grande
1918 - Naval Battle of Durazzo: An attack on the port by over 30 British-Italian-French-American warships supported by bombers is repelled by six small Austro-Hungarian warships, in the last action of the Imperial-and-Royal Navy
1941 - Operation Typhoon: Germans initiate an offensive to take Moscow
1942 - Rabaul: U.S. air raid damages Japanese light cruiser 'Yubari' and other shipping
1942 - RMS 'Queen Mary' slices light cruiser 'Curacao' in half in the North Atlantic, 338 die
1943 - New Guinea: Australian 20th Brigade secures Finschhafen
1943 - Japanese sub 'Ro-103' sinks USS 'Henley' (DD-391 ) off Finschhafen, New Guinea
1943 - Solomons: Japanese troops evacuate Kolombangara
1944 - Polish "Warsaw Uprising" suppressed by the Nazis
1998 - Large Turkish force raids Kurdish areas of Iraq
October 2 at 03:08 EST .
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GO3 Sept. 29 in military history:|
0 - Feast of St Michael the Archangel, Patron of Soldiers & of St Gabriel the Archangel, Patron of Diplomats and Signalmen
1096 - Xerigordon [Nicaea], invested on the 21st, falls to the Seljuks, who slaughter all who refuse to convert to Islam
1813 - William Henry Harrison recaptures Detroit from the British
1864 - Battle of Chaffin's Farm/New Market Heights/Laurel Hill/Forts Harrison-Johnson-Gilmer: Union forces tighten the ring around Petersburg, at a price
1918 - Led by the 107th Infantry Regiment, NY's 27th Div makes a decisive breakthrough of the Hindenburg Line at the San Quintin Tunnel
September 28 at 22:47 EST .
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GO3 Sept. 27 in military history:|
1777 - Battle of Germantown: Washington is defeated by the British in a close fight
1779 - John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
1821 - Spain recognizes the Independence of Mexico
1863 - Cavalry action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas
1864 - Centralia Massacre: "Bloody Bill" Anderson's Rebel partisans massacre Union prisoners
1938 - Jewish lawyers are forbidden to practice in Germany
1939 - Warsaw surrenders to the Germans after a 19 day siege
1940 - Tripartite Pact: Nazi Germany, Italy, & Japan sign a formal alliance
1941 - The SS 'Patrick Henry' is launched, the first of 2,710 "Liberty" Ships that helped carry the war to the Axis
1942 - Japanese aircraft bomb Marine positions on Guadalcanal.
1942 - Papua: Japanese fall back from Ioribaiwa on the Kokoda Trail.
1944 - Jewish US Army Nurse Reba Tobiason is captured by Germans near Aachen; later exchanged, the only American military woman captured in the ETO
1962 - US sells Hawk anti-aircraft missiles to Israel
1991 - Pres GHW Bush ends full-time airborne B-52 bomber alert
1996 - The Taliban capture Kabul, installing an Islamist theocracy in Afghanistan
September 26 at 22:43 EST .
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